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emergency procedure training

Emergency Handling procedures for Flight Attendants

A theoretical approach to Flight Attendant Training carried out by major airline and flight attendant training institutes

 

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EMERGENCY EXITS

For references throughout this manual, the Captain's side of the aircraft will be referred to as aircraft left and the First Officer's side of the aircraft will be referred to as aircraft right. In addition, galley doors may be referred to as service doors.

There are 8 emergency exits:

  • 2 sliding windows in flightdeck-1 aircraft left and 1 aircraft right
  • Forward entry door
  • Forward galley door
  • 2 overwing window exits-l aircraft left and 1 aircraft right
  • Aft entry door
  • Aft galley door

All exits are plug type. All exits may be opened from the outside as well as the inside, with the exception of the sliding window beside the Captain.

DOOR EXITS:

All doors are equipped with door mounted slides:

  • A red strap is located above each window on all doors to indicate an armed and disarmed door slide.
  • All slides are designed to inflate automatically.
  • All door handles rotate aft.
  • All doors will open forward towards the flight deck.

To Arm a Slide (prior to pushback)

Jetway is moved away from aircraft:

  • Flight Attendant announcement: "Flight Attendants prepare doors for pushback."
  • Place strap across door window indicating an armed slide.
  • Remove girt bar from the door brackets and place it in the floor brackets.
  • Door exits are in emergency mode.

Captain turns off "FASTEN SEAT BELT" sign:

  • Flight Attendant announcement "Flight Attendants prepare doors for arrival."
  • Remove the girt bar from the floor brackets and place it in the door brackets.
  • Place strap in position above door window indicating a disarmed slide.
  • Door exits are in normal operation mode.

 

To Open a Door in Emergency Mode

Face door:

  • Assess conditions
  •   conditions poor-DO NOT OPEN! BLOCK EXIT AND REDIRECT CUSTOMERS TO A SAFE, USABLE EXIT.
  •   conditions clear-PROCEED
  • Place one hand on door assist handle.
  • Place other hand on door handle.
  • Rotate door handle in the direction of the arrow. Door swings in and then out.
  • Transfer hand to assist handle.
  • Push door open completely against the aircraft-slide; should inflate.
  • If slide does not inflate, pull inflation handle as back up to ensure slide inflates.
  • Evacuate customers.

To Open an Overwing Window Exit in Emergency Mode

Face aft:

  • Assess conditions
  •   conditions poor-DO NOT OPEN! BLOCK EXIT AND REDIRECT CUSTOMERS TO A SAFE, USABLE EXIT.
  •   conditions clear-PROCEED
  • Remove plastic cover when present.
  • Place aisle hand in the top hand hold.
  • Place other hand palm up in the bottom hand hold (or grasp arm rest).
  • Pull down on top hand hold/handle to remove window.
  • Stow window on seats (in some circumstances it would be preferable to throw window outside aircraft, away from exit).
  • Evacuate customers.

 

On some 300 series aircraft a plastic cover will be present over the top hand hold and release handle. This cover must be removed before the exit can be opened. A bottom hand hold/release handle or an arm rest will also be present to aid in maneuvering the opened window outside and away from the aircraft.

CABIN EQUIPMENT PRE-FLIGHT CHECKLIST

-Is it There? - Will it Operate? - Is it Secure?

The Cabin Equipment Checklist consists of:

  • (1) Aft Closet Fire Extinguisher (if applicable).
  • (1) Flight deck key
  • (1) H20 Extinguisher
  • (1) Emergency Medical Kit
  • (1) On-board wheelchair
  • (1) Emergency Light Switch
  • (2) P.A. Microphones
  • (2) Biohazard Kits
  • (2) Halon extinguishers
  • (2) Lavatory fire extinguishers
  • (2) First Aid Kits
  • (2) CPR masks
  • (2) Boxes of latex gloves
  • (2) Seat belt extensions and 02 demo masks
  • (2) Megaphones
  • (3) P.B.E.s
  • (3) or (4) Emergency flashlights
  • (4) Door slide gauges, red strap above each door window and girt retaining straps, where applicable.
  • (4) P.O.B.s

 

RESPONSIBILITY

"C" Position Flight Attendant

  • Checks the equipment before initial flight of each day.
  • Checks the equipment at any aircraft change.
  • Reports to "A" Position Flight Attendant/Captain-equipment check is okay or any discrepancies so that Captain can take appropriate action.

Captain

  • Take appropriate action for discrepancies.
  • Under certain conditions, the flight can still operate even if certain pieces of emergency equipment are inoperative, as provided by the MEL.

USE, LOCATION, CHECK AND OPERATION OF EQUIPMENT

The following will explain proper use, location, check and operation of each piece of cabin equipment. Certain items of cabin equipment do not require an In-flight Operational Occurrence Report; however, any time a piece of emergency equipment is used, it requires flight deck notification and a Flight Attendant Report. Each description of cabin equipment lists the reports that are necessary under the USE section.

Flight deck Key

Use:

  • To gain access into the flight deck during an emergency when no other means are available.
  • Requires Flight deck Notification and In-flight Operational Occurrence Report.

Location:
  *One secured inside the water shut-off valve compartment in the forward galley.

Check:
  *For presence.

P.A. Microphone

Use:
  *To make announcements over customer address system.

Location:
  *Within Flight Attendant Control Panels, forward and aft.

Check:
  *Test microphone by pressing button and speaking into mouthpiece.

Responsibility:
  *"A" position Flight Attendant will check P.A. system.

Emergency Light Switch

Use:
  *Allows manual activation of Emergency Lights

Location:
  *On the aft Flight Attendant Control Panel

Operation:
  *Lift red cover protecting toggle switch, and switch to "on" position in emergency.

Check:
  *Red cover protecting toggle switch and switch is in normal position.

Responsibility:
  *"B" Position Flight Attendant will check Emergency Light Switch.

* A flight attendant is prone to personal injuries during handling emergencies in flight, hence taking the help of a chicago personal injury lawyer or having him in your contact list can save you mental agony during troubled times.

 

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